Akram Al-Hourani

Akram Al-Hourani is one of the most important political figures who played an important role in the period that extended from Syria’s independence from French colonialism until the Ba’ath Party took over the reins of power in Syria.

Akram Al-Hourani grew up in a modest feudal family in the city of Hama. Akram Al-Hourani was considered one of the most important men of political diplomacy at the time, as he stood behind all the coups that occurred in the forties and fifties of the last century.

Akram Al-Hourani was distinguished by gaining the trust and love of the officers and his popularity among the members of the armed forces. The leader and al-Hanawi, the last of which is al-Shishakli, where the relative of al-Hourani and his companion in the party, the officer Mustafa Hamdoun, led the coup against him. As a result, parliamentary life was restored, and the stability of Syria and its army was ensured until the establishment of unity with Egypt.

Akram al-Hourani called for a federal union with Egypt, but he did not object to the fusion in 1958 and supported it. Gamal Abdel Nasser appointed him as Vice President of the Republic in the Unity State. He then clashed with the Nasser regime over several issues, most notably ignoring the diversion of the Jordan River from the Israelis, after which he resigned in 1959. Then he turned to opposition to unity after he moved to Lebanon. He supported the document calling for the restoration of parliamentary life to the Syrian entity (the separation document). He disagreed with the Ba’ath leaders Aflaq and Al-Bitar. He supported the secession movement and returned to Damascus and was elected as a Member of Parliament. Until the March 8 coup of the Baathist Nasserite, he was arrested for a short period and then deported outside Syria, where he lived in Iraq and France, then died in Amman on February 24, 1996.